Shallow trapping vs. deep polarons in a hybrid lead halide perovskite, CH3NH3PbI3 (published in Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.)

Preferential CH3NH3+ Alignment and Octahedral Tilting Affect Charge Localization in Cubic Phase CH3NH3PbI3 (published in Journal of Physical Chemistry C)

Emerging New Pseudobinary and Ternary Halides as Scintillators for Radiation Detection (published in IEEE Transactions on Nucl. Sci.)

The role of hydroxyl groups in interchain interactions in cellulose Iα and Iβ (published in Int. J. Quantum Chemistry) Cover Image

Jonathan presented at 2017 NCUR (Memphis)

Ramifications of codoping SrI2:Eu with isovalent and aliovalent impurities (published J. Appl. Phys.)

A first-principles based study of ns2 containing ternary iodides and their possibility of scintillation (published in J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.)

Carrier Self-trapping and Luminescence in Intrinsically Activated Scintillator: Cesium Hafnium Chloride (Cs2HfCl6) (published in Journal of Physical Chemistry C)

Quaternary Iodides A(BaSr)I5:Eu2+ (A = K, Cs) as Scintillators for Radiation Detection (published in Journal of Physical Chemistry C)

Preferential Eu Site Occupation and Its Consequences in the Ternary Luminescent Halides AB2I5Eu2+ (A=LiCs; B=Sr, Ba) (published in Physical Review Applied)

A short video!

Jay Mayfield presents at the 8th Annual ARI Grantees Meeting (U T Dallas; July 7-9, 2015) Student Presentation

DX-like centers in NaI:Tl upon aliovalent codoping (published in J. Appl. Phys.)


Aliovalent doping has been recently shown to remarkably improve energy resolution in some halide scintillators. Based on first-principles calculations we report on the formation of DX-like centers in a well-known scintillator material, Tl-doped NaI (NaI:Tl), when codoped with Ca or Ba. Our calculations indicate a net binding energy favoring formation of the defect complex (Tl_Na+Ca_Na) involving a new cation-cation bond, instead of the isolated substitutional defects. The pair has properties of a deep DX-like acceptor complex.

Invited paper published in SPIE Proceedings:

Search for improved-performance scintillator candidates among the electronic structures  of mixed halides

Qi Li, Richard T. Williams, Arnold Burger, Rajendra Adhikari, Koushik Biswas*


The application of advanced theory and modeling techniques has become an essential component to understand material properties and hasten the design and discovery of new ones. This is true for diverse applications. Therefore, current efforts aimed towards finding new scintillator materials are also aligned with this general predictive approach. The need for large scale deployment of efficient radiation detectors requires discovery and development of high-performance, yet low-cost, scintillators. While Tl-doped NaI and CsI are still some of the widely used scintillators, there are promising new developments, for example, Eu-doped SrI2 and Ce-doped LaBr3. The newer candidates have excellent light yield and good energy resolution, but challenges persist in the growth of large single crystals. We will discuss a theoretical basis for anticipating improved proportionality as well as light yield in solid solutions of certain systems, particularly alkali iodides, based on considerations of hot-electron group velocity and thermalization. Solid solutions based on NaI and similar alkali halides are attractive to consider in more detail because the end point compositions are inexpensive and easy to grow. If some of this quality can be preserved while reaping improved light yield and possibly improved proportionality of the mixture, the goal of better performance at the low price of NaI:Tl might be attainable by such a route. Within this context, we will discuss a density functional theory (DFT) based study of two prototype systems: mixed anion NaIxBr1-x and mixed cation NaxK1-xI. Results obtained from these two prototype candidates will lead to further targeted theoretical and experimental search and discovery of new scintillator hosts.


Leave a Reply